ARTISTS / Modern art
Gottfried Graf

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Gottfried Graf
Gottfried Count around 1908
1881born in Mengen
1884Change of residence to the vicinity of Tübingen
1887-1893Return to Mengen
1897-1902Training as a civil servant in the Royal Württemberg Postal and Telegraph Service
1904Studies at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Stuttgart
1906Studies at the Royal School of Applied Arts in Stuttgart
1909-1910Continued art studies at the academy, especially with Professors Christian Landenberger and Adolf Hölzel
1912-1913Joins the close circle around Adolf Hölzel, friendly relations with Johannes Itten, Hermann Stenner and Oskar Schlemmer
1916Begins work on the woodcut oeuvre published in 1927
1919Foundation of the "Üecht Group" by Graf, Willi Baumeister, Edmund Daniel Kinzinger, Albert Mueller, Oskar Schlemmer and Hans Spiegel
1920Appointed to the Academy of Fine Arts in Stuttgart as head of the woodcut class.
1924Dissolution of the "Üecht Group
1925Appointment as professor of graphics at the Academy of Fine Arts in Stuttgart
1927Publication of the highly acclaimed book "Der neue Holzschnitt und das Problem der künstlerischen Gestaltung" ("The New Woodcut and the Problem of Artistic Design")
1929Founding member of "Gruppe 29" with Anton Kolig, Albert Mueller, Hermann Sohn, Walter Ostermayer, Hans and Marianne Spiegel, Lily Hildebrandt, Arnold and Olly Waldschmidt and Karl Knappe
1931Participation in exhibitions of "Deutsche Kunst der Gegenwart", Vienna Secession; "Second International Exhibition of Lithography and Wood Engraving", The Art Institute of Chicago
 Commemorative exhibition on the occasion of his 50th birthday at the Ulm Museum
1937as part of the National Socialist purge, a total of 29 works were removed from public collections as "degenerate" and partially destroyed
1938died in Stuttgart
Under the influence of his attendance of Adolf Hölzel's composing class at the Stuttgart Academy, Gottfried Graf strengthened his intention not only to grasp the content of his works, but also to attach importance to the formal means of composition. As a member of the Hölzel circle, Graf cultivated friendly relationships with Willi Baumeister, Oskar Schlemmer, Hermann Stenner, and Johannes Itten. This generation of artists, which had grown out of the Landenberger School, oriented themselves on the teachings of Hölzel and the formal design possibilities of painting, and understood the new artistic concern of transferring the motivic into a planar color-form structure.
Graf remains consistently attached to the figurative. From his initial phase of his cubo-futuristic style, he developed at the end of the 1920s away to more monumental compositions, in which he preferred to capture female figures. This later style is characterized by the compactness of the figurative form, in which the graphic lines form a counterpart to the predominantly pastel shades of color.
Gottfried Graf played an important role in Stuttgart's artistic life. In 1919 he was one of the spokesmen of the "Üecht Group", which had a far-reaching significance for the art scene in Stuttgart through its active public relations work. Five years after its dissolution, he founded the "Gruppe 29". Together with Oskar Schlemmer, Graf campaigned for the appointment of Paul Klee to the Stuttgart Academy (in vain in the end) and fought throughout his life to provide a platform for international "New Art". 
Schloss Dätzingen / D-71120 Grafenau
T + 49 (0) 70 33 / 4 13 94
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Kleiner Schlossplatz 11 / D-70173 Stuttgart
T + 49 (0) 711 / 120 41 51
F + 49 (0) 711 / 120 42 80
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Saturday 11 – 17
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