ARTISTS / Modern art
Oskar Schlemmer

Available works
1888born in Stuttgart
1906-10studies at the Academy of Fine Arts in Stuttgart
1911Stay in Berlin, contacts with the "Sturm" circle
1912Master student with Hölzel at the Academy of Fine Arts in Stuttgart
1913-14Opening of the "Neuer Kunstsalon am Neckartor" in Stuttgart; murals for the Werkbund exhibition in Cologne
1919Founding member of the Üechtgruppe in Stuttgart
1920Exhibitions at the gallery "Der Sturm" in Berlin and the gallery Arnold in Dresden
1920-29Appointment as teacher at the Weimar Bauhaus
1929-32Professorship at the State Academy of Arts and Crafts in Wroclaw
1932-33Appointment at the United State School of Arts and Crafts
1937Solo exhibition in London
1939Participation in the exhibition "Bauhaus 1919-1928" at the Metropolitan Museum of Modern Art, New York
1940Worked for the paint factory of the Wuppertal factory owner Dr. Kurt Herberts, together with Willi Baumeister
1943died in Baden-Baden
Oskar Schlemmer is undoubtedly one of the most important pioneers of German modernism. Significantly, he cannot be assigned to any of the predominant styles of the time and is still considered one of the most important exceptional artists today. In his lifelong search for synthesis, harmony and universality, Schlemmer embodied like no other the new concept of the artist as a universal designer. As a painter, sculptor, muralist, ballet creator, and stage designer, he placed the individual work in a comprehensive context. Starting from the artistic figures formed from geometric forms, which are freed from everything individual and moving, Schlemmer develops the "outline figures" characteristic of his art. Schlemmer traces the image of man back to an essential archetype, its columnar unity and its connection with the surface and space. This is how his symbolic images of modern man emerge under the influence of Bauhaus ideas. This superficially functional image of man, however, is at the same time a reflection of the prevailing body cult of the 1920s. Despite all the technical charm, Schlemmer's view of man does not remain one-dimensional, but is also characterized by a return to the natural beauty of the human body. 
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