ARTISTS / Modern art
Rudolf Dischinger

Available works
Rudolf Dischinger
around 1979, photo: Dieter Hannemann
1904Rudolf Dischinger was born in Freiburg i. Breisgau on November 11.
1924-27After graduating from high school, he begins his studies at the Grand Ducal Baden State Art School in Karlsruhe in 1924. His teachers are Georg Scholz (preparatory class), Karl Hubbuch (drawing class) and Ernst Würtenberger (specialist class for woodcut and illustration). Following their suggestions, Dischinger begins his artistic work in the style of New Objectivity. In the fall of 1927 he passes the drawing teacher's examination. In November Dischinger takes part for the first time in an exhibition on New Objectivity in Leipzig.
1927-39Dischinger enters the teaching profession after his exam. Until 1939 he works at the girls' secondary school in Freiburg. From 1931 to 1934 he also works as a drawing teacher at the Caritasverband Freiburg. In 1939 he is transferred to the Schwarzenberg School in Waldkirch, where he is officially employed until 1947.
 In 1934 Dischinger moved into a studio apartment at Egonstraße 5 in Freiburg. In the same year he marries his fellow student Karola Hörner from Wittlich near Trier.
 In 1934 Dischinger met Julius Bissier. He took part in his nude drawing courses at the Pharmacological Institute in Freiburg and remained closely associated with the artist until his death in 1965. 1934 marks the beginning of the surreal work phase, which lasts until about 1938/39.
1939-46In 1939 Dischinger is drafted for military service. As a soldier he is in France and until he is wounded in 1942 in Russia 1941 birth of daughter Inge. He spends the years between 1943 and 1946 in Landshut, until the end of the war in a convalescent company, later as a freelance artist.
1946-49At the end of 1946 Dischinger returns to Freiburg and works until 1949 as a freelance artist. The late 1940s mark the beginning of his abstract phase.
1949-56From 1949 Dischinger takes on a teaching position at the State Academy of Art in Freiburg. His areas of expertise are basic education and the drawing class. He shares this position with Heinrich Wittmer. After Wittmer's death in 1954, he assumes full teaching duties in the form of a professorship.
1956-65With the dissolution of the academy, Dischinger returns to teaching and works as an art teacher at the Goethe Gymnasium in Freiburg until his retirement in 1965.
around 1970After a severe psychological crisis in 1970, Dischinger begins again to deal with the visibly real world of things. This marks the beginning of his work for his old age. At the beginning of the 1970s, in the course of the international art-historical reappraisal of the New Objectivity, Dischinger's early work receives new attention and is also appreciated abroad for the first time.
1976Together with Peter Dreher, Rudolf Dischinger is awarded the Reinhold Schneider Prize of the city of Freiburg.
1985Due to a broken leg, Dischinger's artistic activity is inevitably brought to an end.
1988On November 30, Rudolf Dischinger dies in Freiburg.
Rudolf Dischinger is an important protagonist of New Objectivity and Surrealism in Germany, but has also proven an important contribution to Concrete Art. His work covers a period of about 60 years and leads from the sober inventory of a world of objects to surreal alienations to strict geometric forms. He received decisive impulses during his studies at the Grand Ducal Baden School of Art in Karlsruhe with Georg Scholz, Karl Hubbuch and Ernst Württenberger.
Characteristic remains the preference of graphic accuracy over a subjective expression. Dischinger strips the objects (shells, dolls, etc.) of their functional context and thus tries to capture their "own life", the "magic of things". Dischinger's feeling for the significance of the sign-like was decisively fostered by his acquaintance with Bissier. 
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