ARTISTS / Modern art
Otto Dix

Available works
Otto Dix
Otto Dix (right) and Otto Nagel, 1959 (CC BY-SA 3.0 EN)
1891born in Untermhaus near Gera
1905-09apprenticeship as a decorative painter
1909-14School of arts and crafts Dresden
1914-18war service
1919-22Academy of Arts Dresden
1922-25Academy of Arts Düsseldorf
1924Member of the Berlin Secession
1927-33Professorship at the Art Academy in Dresden
1931Member of the Prussian Academy of Arts
1936Moves to Hemmenhofen
1951President of the Secession Upper Swabia/Lake Constance
1955Member of the Academy of Arts in Berlin-West
1956Member of the German Academy of Arts in Berlin-East
1969died in Singen
Otto Dix is one of the defining figures of figurative modernism. Starting out from a realistic expressionism tempered by borrowings from early modern panel painting, he found his way to a verism that fed on both futurist and dadaist sources. Under the impression of the atrocities of war, which he consciously sought to see, he arrived at an unsparing critique of the times. Driven into inner emigration by the National Socialists, Dix moved from Dresden to Lake Constance in 1936. There he returned to landscape motifs reminiscent of the painting of the Danube School, as well as to religious themes that accompanied him into his late work.

In 1948, lithography in the artistic work of Otto Dix displaced drawing as - along with painting - the most important means of expression. From 1948 to 1966, Dix worked once a year for about six weeks with the printer Roland Ehrhardt in Dresden. In color lithography, Dix found the freedom to combine his new painterly élan with his joy in graphic experimentation. Powerfully placed brushstrokes lend the sheets an apparently spontaneous liveliness. The lithographs reveal largely unknown facets of the artist. Instead of war cripples and brothel scenes, Dix captures children and friends in warm colors. Dix replaces his aggressive brutal realism with socially critical potency and political explosiveness with a curious look at the beauty of the landscape surrounding him and individual approaches to the people surrounding him.
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