ARTISTS / Modern art
Adolf Hölzel

Available works
Adolf Hölzel
A. Hölzel around 1930
1853born in Ölmütz/Moravia
1874studied at the Vienna Academy
1876-82moved to Munich; attended the Royal Bavarian
 Academy of Art
1887Study trip to Paris; engagement with Impressionism
1888Moves to Dachau
1891Establishes a private painting school in Dachau
1905First, largely non-representational painting "Composition in Red I
 Appointment to the Royal Württemberg Academy of Fine Arts
1916-18Director of the Stuttgart Academy
1918Exhibition at the Kestner-Gesellschaft Hannover and total purchase by
 Consul Fritz Beindorff, the owner of the Pelikanwerke Hanover
 Resignation from his chair at the Stuttgart Academy
1919Transfer to retirement
1920Beginning of the pastel series
 Honorary doctorate from the Technical University in Aachen
1932The pastels of the late period are shown for the first time at the Württembergische Kunstverein
 of the late period are shown for the first time; commission for the glass windows in the conference hall of the Pelikanwerke in
1934died in Stuttgart
 Exhibitions (selection)
1916Hölzel and his circle, Kunstverein Freiburg.
1918Adolf Hölzel, paintings- graphics, Kestner-Gesellschaft Hannover
1935Adolf Hölzel memorial exhibition, Kestner-Gesellschaft Hanover
1953Commemorative exhibition on the centenary of Adolf Hölzel's birth, organized by Stuttgarter Galerieverein, in conjunction with Württembergische Staatsgalerie in Stuttgart. Haus der Kunst Munich, Kunstverein Cologne, Kunstverein Frankfurt a.M., State Art Academy Düsseldorf
1961Hölzel and his circle. The contribution of Stuttgart to the painting of the 20th century, opening exhibition of the Württembergischer Kunstverein in the rebuilt art building at the Schlossplatz.
1963Adolf Hölzel. Paintings, glass paintings, pastels, drawings. Kunstverein Braunschweig, Kunsthalle, Bremen, Badischer Kunstverein Karlsruhe, Aargauer Kunsthaus Aarau, Heidelberger Kunstverein, Museum des 20. Jahrhunderts Vienna
1969Adolf Hölzel. Oil paintings, pastels, Kunstverein Darmstadt, Kunsthalle am Steubenplatz
1972Adolf Hölzel. His way to abstraction, Dachau
1977Adolf Hölzel. Oil paintings, pastels, drawings, Pforzheim Art and Trade Association in the Reuchlinhaus
1979Adolf Hölzel. Paintings, pastels, drawings, State Gallery Stuttgart
1980Adolf Hölzel. The Dawn of Modernism, Villa Stuck Munich
1982Adolf Hölzel : paintings, pastels, drawings, collages. Kestener Society, Hanover
1984Neu-Dachau 1885-1905. Ludwig Dill, Adolf Hölzel, Arthur Langhammer in the artists' colony Dachau
1985Adolf Hölzel (1853-1934). The cautious avant-gardist. City of Heidenheim State Art Weeks 1985
1987Adolf Hölzel, Gallery of the City of Sindelfingen, Gallery Schlichtenmaier Castle Dätzingen, Grafenau
1987Adolf Hölzel. The art is in the means, Württembergisches Landesmuseum Stuttgart.
1999Adolf Hölzel, Pioneer of Abstraction, Albstadt Gallery
2000Adolf Hölzel 1853-1934. "Magic Worlds" Works on paper from private collection. Dachau Savings Bank
2007Adolf Hölzel and the Vienna Secession, Leopold Museum, Vienna
2001Adolf Hölzel. Pioneer of Modernism. Gallery Schlichtenmaier Castle Dätzingen. Grafenau
2009/10Kaleidoscope Hoelzel in the avant-garde Kunstmuseum Stuttgart, Kunstforum Ostdeutsche Galerie Regensburg
2018Hölzel and his circle. In the laboratory of modernism, Augustinermuseum Freiburg
2019Adolf Hölzel. Color harmony as a goal. Adolf Hölzel on the way to the non-representational, Museum Georg Schäfer, Schweinfurt
Adolf Hölzel was one of the most influential pioneers of non-representational art in the 20th century. In the early 1920s, he discovered working in the pastel technique for himself, as the lower drawing possibilities of oil painting and the long working or drying process did not sufficiently accommodate his spontaneous and experimental creative urge. The radicality of his artistic approach led him to detach art from the object and, to an even greater extent, from the content, which is particularly evident in the titles of his pastel works: "Composition" In the most frequent cases, the subtitles referring to the content come from interpreters of his works, be they art historians or collectors.
Hölzel's approach of deliberate limitation to artistic means also enabled his students to venture beyond Impressionism. Hölzel is not least therefore a central position in the German art of the 20th century. Viewed in art historical retrospect, he remained the "cautious avant-gardist," leaving his peers behind, into old age. By becoming increasingly free and non-representational in the course of his artistic development, Hölzel takes art to a point that is not taken up and continued until the 1950s, especially by so-called "informal" art or in "concrete art". Isolated, as none of his peers leaves so far behind his own time and points so far to the future art, he has outgrown the 19th century and leaves deep traces in the art of the 20th century. 
Schloss Dätzingen / D-71120 Grafenau
T + 49 (0) 70 33 / 4 13 94
F + 49 (0) 70 33 / 4 49 23
Opening hours
Wednesday – Friday 11 – 18.30
Saturday 11 – 16
or by appointment
Kleiner Schlossplatz 11 / D-70173 Stuttgart
T + 49 (0) 711 / 120 41 51
F + 49 (0) 711 / 120 42 80
Opening hours
Tuesday – Friday 11 – 19
Saturday 11 – 17
or by appointment

Galerie Schlichtenmaier
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