Four engines of modernity / Hölzel ▪︎ Baumeister ▪︎ Baum ▪︎ Fleischmann

Scripture base composition (landscape and art theoretical explanation)
© Adolf Hölzel / Adolf-Hölzel-Stiftung

Adolf Hölzel

Schriftsockelkomposition (Landschaft und kunsttheoretische Erläuterung) / Scripture base composition (landscape and art theoretical explanation), around 1913

Black chalk and ink
33,3 × 21 cm

on the reverse with the estate stamp

€ 1.800
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Provenance: Max Fischer Collection, Stuttgart
"For certain things in drawing and painting we will attach an extraordinary value to rhythmic sequences and movements. Already because by such a sequence in its regularity a reinforcement occurs, which otherwise can be achieved only by special means of force. The rhythm in the picture will of course have to correspond to the necessities given by the division and limitation of the picture surface and is based on a line sequence and foundation. The line processes present through the limitation of the picture area and felt by the eye correspond to the main visual movements more often citie(e)rt, especially the vertical(,) horizontal and the two diagonal ones. As the most elementary line movements corresponding to the rectangular surface, which at the same time express the greatest calmness, we must call the horizontal and vertical ones. The oblique lines always express movement. Movement can be called the deviation from the straight lines. If we divide the picture surface by artificial or artistic means into 3 plans and try to support this by applying linear processes, we will use and prefer vertical and finally horizontal lines for the middle and back plan, since these must appear more as a surface than the foreground(,) so the oblique lines remain for the front surface. As we have to use as tinting light, dark and at least 2 kinds of middle tones, those closer to the darkness and those closer to the brightness, for a plastic reproduction(,) so only in linear respect for the separation of the plans 4 main line movements are available, the two straight lines (vertical, horizontal) and 2 oblique ones, the diagonal ones, which can be developed accordingly in different construction applications. In their rhythm and the uniformity corresponding to them, we have now a certain(m) means of force".
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